Are you want to know What Is Newspaper? Newspaper is a written publication. Which includes current events, informative articles, editorials, various features and advertisements.
It is usually printed on low-cost paper such as newsprint. Newspapers have a role to play in the history of modern revolutions and struggles in the world.
As of 2007, there were 6,560 daily newspapers worldwide, selling more than 395 million copies a day. Most of the newspapers now publish their online editions.
At present we have different types of newspapers in our eyes. For example: daily newspaper, weekly magazine, fortnightly magazine, thematic magazine.
A newspaper usually meets four criteria-
- Publicity: Its content is reasonably accessible to the public.
- Periodicity: It is published regularly at regular intervals.
- Introduction: Its information will be updated as per the publication schedule.
- Universality: It will cover a range of topics.
What Is Newspaper | History Of Newspaper
OK! First time we want to know What is Newspaper?
In ancient Rome, the Acta Diorma or government proclamation was issued. It was engraved on metal or stone and hung in public places.
In China, a royal daily called Kaiyuan Zha Bao was published in the 7th century. Newspapers were in vogue in India during the Muslim rule.
Of course, newspapers were not printed then, all political news was handwritten and sent to the country’s bureaucrats.
News from all the different provinces would go to the emperor. There was a separate section for collecting such news. What is Newspaper
During the Muslim rule, newspapers were in vogue in medieval India. Of course, newspapers were not printed then, all political news was handwritten and sent to the country’s chief official.
News from all the different provinces would go to the emperor. There was a separate section for collecting such news.
It is written in the ancient Persian text Kanun-e-Jang that during the first battle of Panipath (1526 AD), while Babar Shah was sitting in the camp and reading the newspaper, the Hindu kings came and proposed a treaty.
Abul Fazl wrote in Ain-e-Akbari that during the reign of Emperor Akbar, royal newspapers like the Government Gazette were in circulation every month.
Shahjahan said at the Muharram court in Agra, “I was surprised and saddened to read in the newspapers about the revolt of the Hindu kings of Allahabad.
Emperor Aurangzeb restrained his life in a place called Aurangabad, the news and description of his illness were published in the Persian newspaper ‘Paygam-e-Hind’ in Delhi.
There is no historical evidence of the publication of newspapers in this subcontinent before the rule of the East India Company.
In 1780, James Augustus Hickey published a two-page weekly for the local English called the Bengal Gazette or the Calcutta General Advertiser.
But it was also quickly confiscated due to the publication of critical reports about Warren Hastings, his wife and English judges. What is Newspaper
In early 1818, Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya, a teacher and reformer, published the first Bengali weekly, the Bengal Gazette, with the help of Raja Rammohun Roy.
Then in April 1818, on the initiative of the Baptist missionaries, the Bengali monthly Digadarshan was published from Serampore.
Samachar Darpan was published on 23 May 1818, a week after the publication of the Bengal Gazette.
Raja Rammohun Roy published Bangla Sangbad Kaumudi, English Brahmanical Magazine and Mirat-ul-Akbar in Persian.
Under the united pressure of Indian and European editors under his leadership, Lord William Bentinck was forced to relax existing newspaper laws.
In 1858, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar published the Bengali weekly Somprakash. What is Newspaper
The first Bengali printing press was established in Dhaka in 1859 under the name Banglayantra. From where Dhaka Prakash was published in 1861.
That same year, The John Bull in the East (later renamed The Englishman) became a powerful mouthpiece for Europeans and indigo planters in India.
In 1868, the Ghosh brothers (Shishir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh) published the Bengali weekly Amrit Bazar from the small village of Phulua-Magura in Jessore.
In 1881 Yogendra Nath Bose published ‘Bangabasi’. The Bengali blue mirror drama, published in 1872, portrayed the brutal oppression of European indigo farmers, prompting a backlash from the government. What is Newspaper.
Then in 1876 the government passed the Act to control the performance of the indigo planters.
Several other local newspapers, including Amrit Bazar Patrika (Jessore), favored indigo growers.